by Alejandro S. Milberg
Washington, DC, November 2015
Although it is widely known that Thomas Lloyd Halsey had an illegitimate daughter born in Buenos Aires whom he made his heiress, there are also indications (1) that he had another two, from another relationship.
Halsey was born around 1777. Information on his life and career is readily available in biographic dictionaries and works by both North and South American authors (2) dealing with the relationship between the budding republic and the United States, but the data can be inconsistent. For example, all authors say he was born in Providence, Rhode Island, when he claimed to have been born in Massachusetts in the 1850 US Census (3).
His father of the same name and also born in Massachusetts (4) in 1751 settled in Providence, where he died in 1838. He had been a French consular agent during the Revolutionary War, dealing afterwards in merchant shipping through which he attained both commercial success and social status. In 1801 he commissioned a mansion to be built on Prospect Street in that city, and he had it enlarged in 1825. The house, which years later was said to be haunted, was used by H. P. Lovecraft as the home (5) of the main character of his 1927 novel, "The Case of Charles Dexter Ward".
Halsey senior married twice, first Sarah Bowen (1751-1782) in 1775 and then in 1788, Mary Smith (1767-1846). The future consul and two daughters were born from the first union: Sarah, who died single in 1864 and Harriet, who married Commodore John Orde Creighton and died in 1849, with issue. Three of the four children of the second marriage reached adulthood: Frances Maria, who married George Warren Cross and died in 1879, Charles Burdett Halsey, who died single in 1829 and Anna Elizabeth Halsey, who married Marshall G. Wright and died in 1832. Both had issue.
Young Halsey attended Rhode Island College (nowadays Brown University), graduating in 1793. He maintained close links with the institution through the years and was a trustee from 1809 to 1839. By 1807 he was already in Buenos Aires, involved in successful commercial activities. Based on that experience he applied for the post of US consul in that city, achieving the nomination in October 1812 but only taking up the position in 1814. His first official letter dated February 11, 1815 (6) was directed to Secretary of State James Monroe; in it he describes the critical political situation in the Provinces, the desire for independence from Spanish oppression and the need for assistance, and how lucrative commerce with an independent nation would be for the US. He also praised the recently nominated head of Government, General Carlos Albiar (sic, actually Alvear), "a young Gentleman of talent and promise".
His activity in the River Plate was extensive and conflictive. He became interested in trade between the two countries, importing and supplying military equipment to the Army of the Andes and river transport, but his sympathies towards José Artigas earned him the enmity of Director Pueyrredon, which added to excesses as his role in the failed Devereux loan and the traffic of privateer commissions, among others, led to his dismissal by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams in 1818.
He was one of the introducers of the merino breed of sheep to the country and his Cabaña de León ranch acquired international renown. He remained in Buenos Aires managing his commercial interests and even tried unsuccessfully on a subsequent visit to the US to recover his diplomatic post.
By 1840 he was back in Providence (7), enjoying his considerable fortune. A record of a passport request of 1842 describes him: 55, 5' 8½" tall, black eyes and hair, broad forehead, short nose, ordinary chin, small mouth, oval face and dark complexion (8). Comments from the period mention his hedonistic lifestyle with anecdotes like his breeding terrapins in the basement of his mansion because he loved turtle soup (9).
His will is dated August 26, 1850 (10). After detailing specific bequests to charities and to his US relatives and, surprisingly, one of $300 to Manuela Ocampo de Láinez (11) of Buenos Aires, widow, he left all his assets including his properties near Buenos Aires in trust, appointing as sole heir his daughter Maria Luisa Andrea Halsey, wife of Raymond del Valle, who was to receive the income and profit during her lifetime. At her death, the Providence mansion, an estate called Hauterive in Seekonk, Massachusetts, and half the rest of the inheritance would go to María Luisa's eldest son upon reaching the age of 21 years, as long as the grandson had taken the Halsey surname within five years of being notified of the death of his grandfather and had permanent residence in the United States. The other half was allocated to any other surviving grandchildren, in equal parts, and only if none survived would the other Halsey relatives inherit (12).
Four years later, on August 15, 1854, he added a codicil (13) specifying bequests to his sister Frances Maria Cross and two nieces, to be paid out of a fund of twenty thousand dollars that he was due to receive from the Buenos Aires government in two installments scheduled for the months of October 1855 and 1856. Instead of signing the codicil as he had done with the will, Halsey put his mark, a fact that would raise suspicions later on (14).
He died at Providence on February 2, 1855, aged 79 (15), leaving an inheritance valued at a quarter million dollars, to which an additional hundred thousand would be added from long overdue payments for arms and military equipment that were finally honored by the government of Juan Manuel de Rosas.
Will and codicil were submitted to the Providence Municipal Court a few days later, on February 13, and proved on March 13 (16). The will was challenged by Halsey's living sisters and by the descendants of the others. An 1859 lawsuit in Massachusetts (17) courts was introduced by George W. Cross, Halsey's nephew (18), citing the illegality and lack of validity of the trust because the heiress not only was an illegitimate daughter but also a foreigner. The suits went unresolved for forty years until María Luisa's death, on June 29, 1895 (19), when the frustrated relatives tried again, this time claiming that the grandson's inheritance rights were void for remoteness. The new suits dragged on for another three years until finally, in December 1898, a private agreement was reached through which the American heirs would relinquish their claims in exchange for the Valle family giving up a portion of the estate. Pedro del Valle Halsey, María Luisa's eldest son, traveled to Providence from New York where he lived to be present at the signing of the agreement. For its duration and complexity, the case gained such notoriety that it was widely covered in the press (20) and in legal publications. It was known as the "Halsey will case".
THE DAUGHTERS: MARÍA LUISA HALSEY
The future heiress was born November 10, 1823 in Buenos Aires and baptized (21) at the church of San Nicolás de Bari on the 25th as María Luisa Andrea, a child of unknown parents. Her godparents were Félix Castro (22) and Genara García. An undated note on the margin says "This child was legitimized through the subsequent marriage of Tomás Lloid Haysey (sic) and Francisca García Olmos de Aguilar". The note is signed "Ocampo" but the writing differs from the other signatures of the priest Bernardo José de Ocampo in that page, and, what is also unusual, the original text was crossed out and something similar was written directly above it.
On February 22, 1842, María Luisa married in Buenos Ares at the church of San Miguel Arcángel Raimundo Pascual del Valle, a Buenos Aires native, aged 26, the legitimate son of Pedro Antonio Valle and María Secundina Aveleyra, having as witnesses Santiago Alejo Aveleyra, the groom's uncle, and Francisca García, the bride's mother. The record (23) describes her as "María Luisa Halsey, of this city, aged 18, illegitimate daughter of Tomás Halsey and Francisca García", proving that the note added to the baptism record was a fraud.
The Rhode Island Historical Society of the city of Providence in that state have in their files (24) a copy of the baptism certificate made almost a quarter century later, on May 21, 1847. It bears the then mandatory red federal seal and looks authentic. It is signed by Manuel Eulogio Nazar, the priest who at the time was rector of the parish of San Nicolás de Bari in Buenos Aires. He wrote "it agrees in all with the original and following the order of Judge Dr. Manuel Mansilla notified by Notary Marcos Agrelo, I certify it, it is a second record." Father Nazar's signature was certified that same day on the back of the page by the notary Marcos Leonardo Agrelo, Agrelo's by another three notaries - Julián Aranda, Juan Pablo Izarrualde and Mariano Cabral, and theirs finally by Joseph Graham, US Consul, the following June 5th. However, the text is noticeably different from the one in the original certificate, as instead of "child of unknown parents" it says "illegitimate daughter of Mr. Thomas Lloyd Halsey, a citizen of the United States, and of Mrs. Francisca García Olmos de Aguilera, of Buenos Aires, both single and therefore free." The document provides two new pieces of information: Francisca García's correct maternal surname was Olmos de Aguilera instead of Aguilar, and the godfather's surname, which cannot be fully read in the original, was Castro. One can only speculate about the motives that led Father Nazar to forge an official document and how did Halsey, who was still alive at that time, or a relative or contact in Buenos Aires manage to achieve that. It is also interesting to consider what would have been the result of the lawsuits if the lawyers of Halsey's US relatives had learned about the irregularities in the certification of the heiress' baptism.
Only another document has been found showing Francisca García Olmos de Aguilera: the 1869 Census (25), where she appears as married (in spite of Halsey having died in 1855), aged 60 and born in Buenos Aires. It is tempting to think she was a daughter of Benito García, born in Galicia, Spain, who had settled in the city of Mendoza, in Argentina's west, and Simona Olmos de Aguilera y Pizarro: a sister of Simona's, Josefa, was married to Juan Bautista Castro del Castillo, whose brother Félix could well have been María Luisa's godfather. But if the age given on the census form was correct Francisca would have been born around 1809 and seems too young to be a child of this couple whose youngest child, the twelfth, was born in 1792. Furthermore, all the García Olmos children whose baptism certificates have been located were born in Mendoza. As the census information might be incorrect this information should be borne in mind as it might provide a link to María Luisa's maternal ancestors.
The Valle couple had thirteen children (26), of which ten have been identified:
• Pedro Antonio Ramón del Valle Halsey, born 28 Feb 1843 in Montevideo and baptized at that city's Cathedral on March 5 (27). He became a US citizen on April 13, 1864, a few months after his 21st birthday (28). He was living at the time with his father at 119½ East 13th St., New York City. He was an inventor: on November 29, 1871, he patented in Argentina a tobacco mincing machine (29), and in 1897 in New York he applied for a patent for a trouser leg stretcher, which was granted the following year on October 4th under the register US611841A (30).
Passenger lists from and to the US and England show him as a frequent traveler, generally giving his occupation as merchant or trader, of coffee in one instance. From the Providence Journal article of 15 Dec 1898 on the resolution of the lawsuit, at which he was present, he was residing at the time in New York City. In October 1899 he charged his lawyer Joseph H. Snyder with the sale of all his properties in Providence, either by auction or private sale, in part or as a whole (31). In what seems to have been his last trip he left New York City in July 1899 on board the Waesland, arriving in Liverpool on the 19th, to depart on the 21st from Southampton on board the Thames towards Buenos Aires (32). He died there on June 29, 1904, single, aged 61, of chronic myocarditis. The death certificate (33) says he was from the US and gives his address as Callao 230.
• Serapia Adela del Valle Halsey was born in Montevideo on November 14, 1845, and was baptized at the Cathedral on December 1 (34). Known as Adela, she died single, after 1907.
• Dolores Simeona del Valle Halsey was born in Buenos Aires on May 21, 1848, and was baptized at La Merced on June 6, godparents Mamerto Mones and Dominga Láinez. She died in Córdoba on September 14, 1869 (35).
• María del Carmen Cristina del Valle Halsey was born in Buenos Aires on July 23, 1849 (36). She was not with her family in 1860 when she would have been 10, so she had probably died before that date.
• Justo Tomás del Valle Halsey, born in October 1850 in Buenos Aires and baptized in December at the San Miguel Arcángel church (37). He died in 1867 (38).
• Raimundo Modesto del Valle Halsey, baptized on July 14, 1852 also at San Miguel Arcángel (39). He died in Buenos Aires before his sixth birthday (40).
• María Luisa del Valle Halsey, born in Buenos Aires on May1, 1855, baptized at San Ignacio church on June (book Nº31, page 14) (41). She married in the same city in 1875 Silvio Mones Ruiz Láinez (42) and was the only one of all her siblings that had issue. In this photo (43), María Luisa, her husband and four of their sons, from l. to r. Adrián, Elías, Alfredo and Alberto Mones Ruiz del Valle, and Concepción Scasso, Alberto's wife. María Luisa died after 1908.
• Cecilia del Valle Halsey, born in Buenos Aires around 1856 (44), apparently died in the US in 1860 (45).
• Fanny Cristobalina del Valle Halsey, born in Rhode Island around 1857 (46), married in 1908 at age 58 Ambrosio Velasco Tobal (47).
• Carlota Leandrina del Valle Halsey, born February 17, 1864, in New York City and baptized on March 14 at St. Ann's Catholic Church (48). She married in 1907 aged 43 in Buenos Aires, Pedro Guichot Marty (49). He was a French architect who designed the house at Riobamba 270 for her and her sisters Adela and Fanny, completed in 1906 as it took part in the competition for best facade organized that year by the Mayor of Buenos Aires (50).
A passenger list (51) shows R(aimundo) P(edro) Valle, 40, merchant, with Pedro Valle, 11, arriving in New York City from Liverpool on July 26, 1855 on board the "Atlantic", with Buenos Aires as final destination. This might explain why the family does not appear in the 1855 Buenos Aires Census (conducted October 17), as María Luisa del Valle Halsey had been born there on May 1st and her sister Cecilia the following year, also there. As Thomas Lloyd Halsey had died in Providence in February 1855 maybe the Valle family had gone to the US in that period.
The 1860 US Census (52), conducted on June 2, shows the Valle family in Providence's 1st Ward, maybe living in the Prospect street mansion (the census did not record addresses). Raimund (sic) Valle, 39, gentleman; María L. Valle, 30, and seven children - Pedro (17), Adela (14), Dolores (11), Thomas (10), María L. (5), Cecilia (4) y Fanny (3), all born in Buenos Aires except the youngest, born in Rhode Island, so the family must have arrived to the US between 1856 and 1857. The eldest four went to school. With them lived Negacia Valle, black, 28, born in South America, John Burns, 28, coachman and Mary Gilligan, 30, cook, both Irish.
The 1869 Census, conducted on September 16, finds María Luisa Halsey de del Valle back in Buenos Aires, at Piedad 470 (53), with her daughters María Luisa (as María, 14), Fanny (11) and Carlota (5), and her mother Francisca García, aged 60. Her husband was on his way from the city of Córdoba because their daughter Dolores del Valle Halsey had died there two days before; the death certificate says that her father took her corpse to Buenos Aires the following day (54).
Raimundo Pascual del Valle died in Buenos Aires on August 19, 1887, of softening of the brain (55).
In the 1895 Census, conducted on May 10, María Luisa declared being 72 years old, a widow and sick; living with her where her children Pedro (52), Adela (49), Fanny (36) and Carlota del Valle Halsey (31), all single and born in the US except Adela, born in Uruguay (56). María Luisa died two months later, on July 29, of arteriosclerosis, at her home in Moreno 1620 (57).
CELMIRA (MARÍA MERCEDES) HALSEY
On June 19, 1899, at the Cathedral in the city of Córdoba, Félix de Sarría married Sara Peñaloza; the certificate says that the groom was the son of Santiago de Sarría and Celmira Holsey (58), but Lazcano Colodrero (59) points out that she was "Celmira Halsey, from the United States (sic), the daughter of the first US Minister before the Argentine government."
Celmira Halsey was born in Buenos Aires on September 24, 1822 and was baptized as María Mercedes (60) the following day at San Nicolás de Bari church. The record states she was a child of unknown parents and the godparents were Francisco Ocampo and Anastasia Ponce. Similarly to what happened later with the baptism record of her half-sister María Luisa Halsey, who was fourteen months younger, someone wrote over the original text "illegitimate daughter of Mr. Tomás Holsey from England (sic) and Mrs. Norberta González de Taboada." The writing resembles that of the priest who signed the record, Bernardo José de Ocampo - the same one who would later sign María Luisa's.
Norberta González de Taboada does not appear in the 1855 Census and in documents only as the godmother of six of her grandchildren in their baptism records between 1847 and 1861. Her death record has not been found.
As it will be seen below, the surname appears in many different forms in documents related to Celmira and her sister Josefina: Olsei, Olcey, Orzey, Orzeli, Horse, Olsen, Olse, Olce, Mosley, and as Holsey only in the later ones - never as Halsey. It should be noted that the "a" in Halsey sounds phonetically as the Spanish letter "o". Furthermore, the National Archives in Buenos Aires hold a docket, Nº4873 of the year 1861, labeled "The heirs of Félix Castro vs. the heirs of Thomas Lloyd Halsey" in which the former were claiming the payment of a debt. The file has almost 70 pages and in it Halsey's name is spelled Holsey several times. Unfortunately, none of the heirs in either party are named.
It is not clear when or why Miss Halsey changed her name to Celmira; in the 1850 baptism certificate of her daughter María she appears as María de las Mercedes, but in the other one available, that of her son Roque Santiago, who despite being older was baptized later in 1851, she appears as Celmira, and with that name also in the marriage certificates of her children and in her death record. Her marriage record has not been found.
Despite having had children born in 1850 and 1857 in Buenos Aires, the family does not appear there in the 1855 Census.
Celmira Halsey de Sarría died in Buenos Aires on October 24, 1859, as shown by two death records from the Pilar church (61). Her children were:
• Edelmiro de Sarría Halsey. His baptism record has not been found but according to his marriage record he was born in Buenos Aires and was "thirty five years, ten months and five days old", which makes his birth date June 24, 1849. He married at the Pilar church on April 29, 1885 (62) Pastora Inocencia Ferrer Tejada; his occupation is given as estanciero (rancher), residing in the district of Bahía Blanca in Buenos Aires province. He had a daughter, baptized as Fermina Vicenta Larría in 1886, but the name was corrected to Zelmira Sarría by means of a footnote on the record dated 1915 (63). Edelmiro appears in the 1895 Census in Buenos Aires, Section 17, a widower, aged 50, motherless, living with his 9 year old daughter (64).
• Roque Santiago de Sarría Halsey, born August 16, 1849, baptized at the Pilar church on November 8, 1851 (65), godparents Saturnino Herrera and Norberta González (de Taboada). His birth date, only two months after his brother's, could be a mistake but since he does not appear in any other documents he might be the same person who later changed his name to Edelmiro.
• Celmira de Sarría Halsey, born June 19, 1850, baptized on December 2 at the Pilar church (66) as María; her godparents were Valentín Sequeiros and Norberta Taboada. She appears with her father, a widower aged 50, in the 1869 Census (67). In 1872 she married Henry Middleton, an Englishman, and had seven children. She died in 1950 at Rosario, in Santa Fe province, aged 100.
• Félix de Sarría Halsey, born November 20, 1857 in Buenos Aires. His baptism record has not been found but in the 1869 Census he is at school in Rosario (68). Lazcano Colodrero says he died on November 23, 1923, in Córdoba, where he had settled many years before. At age 21 he graduated as a geographical engineer from Córdoba University. He held several government posts and was also a senator for the Calamuchita department. He was the director of Revista de la Sociedad Rural for several years and received an award at a meeting of rural societies in the United States. He also collaborated with the newspapers Los Principios y La Patria, of the city of Córdoba. He married on June 19, 1899 at the Cathedral in Córdoba, Mercedes Allende Goicochea, and had two children. In the marriage record his mother appears as Celmira Mosley (69). His wife died in 1897 and he remarried in 1899 the aforementioned Sara Peñaloza, with whom he had another five children.
It is worth mentioning a baptism record at the Inmaculada Concepción church in Buenos Aires on October 28, 1844, for Juan del Corazón de Jesús Suárez Olce, born on June 12, a legitimate son of Pedro Suárez and Zelmira Olce, both of Buenos Aires, godparents Gerónimo Ortega and Nicolasa González (70). According to the date it could have been a child of an earlier relationship or marriage of Celmira Halsey's.
Although no baptism record has been found for Josefina Halsey, the proof of the relationship is that the godmother of several of her children was Norberta González de Taboada, who had also been the godmother of two of her grandchildren Sarría Halsey.
Josefina Halsey appears in the censuses of 1855, aged 25; 1869 (35) and 1895 (65), which is unusually consistent and which means she was born around 1830, but if this age is correct she would have had her first daughter when she was 13 years old. Indeed, in the 1855 (71) Census she appears as Josefina Olsei, married and head of the family. She was the main tenant of a single story house at Libertad 19. She lived with her grandmother, necessarily the maternal one, Manuela Montes, a widow aged 60, and with her children of the Roqué surname - Hortensia (aged 12), Enrique (10) and Eduardo (9).
No baptism record has been found for Hortensia Roqué; three at the Inmaculada Concepción church of other Roqué children of Josefina's show that the father was Enrique Roqué, a Frenchman from Paris, but no marriage record has been found despite the baptism records saying the children were legitimate. The godmother was always the same, the children's grandmother Norberta González (de Taboada, according to the third one).
• Hortensia, born around 1843
• Simona Eladia del Carmen, born February 18, 1844, baptized August 23, 1847, legitimate daughter of Enrique Roqué, a Frenchman, and Josefa Olsen of Buenos Aires (72). She would have been 11 years old in 1855 and since she was not living with her mother she had probably died too.
• Ildefonso Raimundo Enrique del Corazón de Jesús Roqué, born January 23, 1846, baptized August 12, 1847, legitimate son of Enrique Roqué, a Frenchman, and Josefa Olsen of Buenos Aires (73).
• Eustaquio Eduardo Roqué, born January 16, 1849, baptized on the 19th, legitimate son of Enrique Roqué, of Paris, and Josefa Olse of Buenos Aires (74).
There are several Enrique Roqué in the city of Córdoba, all French and with issue, but apparently they were from Sainte Foy la Grande, Bordeaux, and not from Paris.
Hortensia Roqué was in a de facto relationship with José Díaz de Bedoya, who in the 1855 Census was living at Representantes 133, the home of Buenaventura Decoud, Consul of Paraguay. He was 29, from Asunción, single, a merchant, and he had been in the country for the past 10 years (75). He was a Paraguayan politician and former military self-exiled in Buenos Aires as an opponent of the government of Francisco Solano López. He had created a merchant firm, Decoud, Machain y Cía., with his fellow countrymen Consul Decoud, Segundo Machain and Nicolás Brizuela (76). He was a member and then president of the Asociación Paraguaya, based in Buenos Aires; he also joined the Legión Paraguaya, a militia whose purpose was to fight the López government. After the occupation of Asunción during the War of the Triple Alliance an assembly elected him as the government's representative and he took charge on August 15, 1869, together with Cirilo Antonio Rivarola and Carlos Loizaga, thus constituting a Triumvirate. Commissioned by the Government to raise funds by selling the silverware owned by churches he traveled to Buenos Aires where, by many accounts, rather than sending the funds he sent his resignation in May 1870, whereby the common people, always picturesque in their views, named him "Joe Candlestick". However, there are documents showing he had been held accountable at the time. He lived in Buenos Aires until his death in 1872 (77), although the couple did not live together - they appear in different addresses in the baptism certificate of their third child in 1870.
The National Archives hold the docket with José Díaz de Bedoya's legacy (78), but the first section, which held the certificates and the description of the family situation is missing. He wrote his will on October 20, 1872, and died shortly afterwards. He declared having fathered six illegitimate children, which he acknowledged. Three daughters by Hortensia have been identified, all baptized as illegitimate children but the first two were acknowledged by their father in footnotes to the records:
• Petrona Hortensia, born May 13, 1864 and
• Rosario Josefina, born October 1, 1865, both baptized at the Inmaculada Concepción church in Buenos Aires on November 6 of that year, illegitimate daughters of José Díaz de Bedoya, Paraguayan, aged 38 and Hortensia Roqué, of Buenos Aires, aged 21, and living at Temple 308. The godparents were Felipe Recalde and Josefa Díaz de Bedoya, both Paraguayans (79). Petrona married on November 29, 1882, at the Pilar church (80) Pastor del Campo Bustamante, from Tucumán, and they had issue in Rosario and Santa Fe. Rosario Josefina must have died before 1869 because she is not with her family in that year's census.
• Martina Josefa, born January 30, 1867, was baptized at La Merced on December 13, 1870, an illegitimate daughter of José Díaz de Bedoya, Paraguayan, aged 48, and Hortensia Roqué, aged 26, the former residing at Tucumán 266 and the latter at San Martín 42. The godparents were Eduardo Roqué, the child's uncle, aged 23, Tucumán 266, and Catalina B. de Rivarola, Paraguayan, aged 50, San Martín 42 (81). The addresses may have been transposed - it would make more sense that young Roqué lived with his sister, as he did one year before in the 1869 Census, than with his sister's partner.
Although there is no documentary evidence suggesting that the half-sisters María Luisa and Josefina Halsey knew each other, it is worth pointing out that María Luisa, in the 1869 Census, lived next door to the family (82) of Paraguayan Consul Decoud, who had died in 1864 (83).
Josefina Halsey had a second de facto relationship with José María Miró; no marriage record has been found. Argentine genealogist Carlos Calvo in his unpublished notes (84) states he was José María Miró Dorrego and adds he had an illegitimate daughter called Josefina Toribia, who married Luis Sánchez Boado Romero, but he does not say who was the mother.
José María Antonio Miró Dorrego was the son of Antonio Miró Canut and Dominga Dorrego Salas and therefore a nephew of the famous Colonel Manuel Dorrego. He was born in Buenos Aires on March 24, 1807 (85) and was baptized the same day at San Nicolás de Bari, his godparents being Francisco Antonio Lamela and Basilia Larrechea (86). He married at age 57, on May 12, 1864 at La Merced (87) (9/125) Justina Robustiana Barros Garcia; a copy of the marriage record in his legacy docket states he was single (88). The couple had two children, Manuela Felisa Rita, born in B. Aires on May 22, 1865 and baptized at the Inmaculada Concepción church on October 7 (89), and José María Marcelino, born on June 2, 1867 and baptized in the same church the following January 25 (90).
According to the 1869 Census Josefina Orzey lived at Charcas 86, Buenos Aires. She was married, aged 35, and with her lived Hortensia (22, married) and Eduardo Roqué (20, single, employed) and the girls Hortensia (5) and Martina Bedoya (2) (91) and Catalina (8) and Toribia Miró (7), both born in Buenos Aires (92).
Catalina Miró had been born on February 13, 1861, and was baptized at the Socorro church on March 5 (93), as the legitimate daughter of José Miron (sic), aged 50, and Josefa Horse, of B. Aires, 37, residing at Charcas 86. The godmother was Norberta Taboada, of B. Aires, 50, living at the same address - she was Josefina Halsey's mother. A note on the record's margin dated April 10, 1908 corrected both the child's and the father's surname to Miro (unaccented) and the mother's to Josefina Holsey.
Toribia Josefina Miró was born in Buenos Aires on April 16, 1863, and was baptized the following July 5 at the Socorro church as the legitimate daughter of José María Miró, 45, and Josefina Olsei, 38, residing at Charcas 86. Godparents were José Díaz de Bedoya, Paraguayan, 35, Bolívar 80, represented by Eduardo Roqué, and Hortensia Roqué, 19, both also residing at Charcas 86 (94).
It should be noted that José María Miró Dorrego was three years older than the age declared by Catalina Miró's father in her baptism record. In the case of Toribia Josefina's the difference increases to eleven years. No evidence has been found proving that they were the same person; maybe José María Miró Dorrego's estate records, if located, could shed light on this issue.
Josefina appears as Josefina Holsey in a lawsuit against a José M. Miró (95) which, after his death, she continued against his widow, but as the source is a compilation of case law the widow's name is not mentioned and neither is Josefina's (96). The verdict on first instance, against Josefina, is dated June 21, 1881 and was followed by a resolution in March.
In the 1895 Census (97) she appears as Josefina H. de Roqué, which confirms she did not marry Miró. She was a widow, aged 65, living off income, and declared having been married for 30 years (but having children aged 51 and 45...) and having had 9 children, of which only 6 have been identified. She lived with her children Eduardo Roqué (45) and Catalina Miró (26), both single and born in Buenos Aires. Her daughter Hortensia R. de Bedoya lived next door, aged 51, a widow, married for 18 years and having had 3 children.
Mrs. Toribia Josefina Miró de Sánchez Boado, the widow of Luis Sánchez Boado, was assigned by law Nº4428 of September 27, 1904 a monthly pension of 300 pesos moneda nacional for a term of ten years. Her husband, who had died on July 28, had worked for 35 years for the Ministry of Finance (98). He had had a de facto relationship with Laurentina Maradona Moreno, with issue three illegitimate children between 1874 and 1878, acknowledged by the father. Laurentina died of peritonitis at the end of March 1880. With Toribia he had another two sons, Félix and Carlos J. (or Juan Carlos) Sánchez Boado Miró, born around 1886 and 1889 respectively.
A Luis Boado, a widower, with a son of the same name appear in the 1855 (99) and 1869 (100) Censuses; the father had been born around 1805 or 1810 and the son around 1842 or 1844. According to his obituary he had started working at the Ministry in 1869, so it probably was just after the Census. He could be the same Luis Sánchez Boado Jr. in the ad for Digestivo Mojarrieta in the newspaper El Gladiador Nº 105 of 1903:
Even more explicit, if anything, is Mr. Luis Sánchez Boado Jr., an officer in the Storage section at the House of Government: Dear Dr. Mojarrieta: I had followed lengthy treatments from several well known medical doctors without getting any improvement until I decided to take your wonderful DIGESTIVE. Today it seems like a dream to feel completely restored, I have tried everything I could not eat before and I can assure you that your Digestive has left me as healthy as I was before contracting such dyspepsia. Therefore it will be a pleasure for me to recommend it to any patients I meet. Signed: Luis Sánchez Boado Jr., Libertad 1068.
No actual documentary evidence has been found proving that Celmira and Josefina were the daughters of Thomas Lloyd Halsey. A recently contacted great-granddaughter of Celmira's, a resident of Canada, was unaware of the relationship and the fact that she could possibly be a second great-granddaughter of Consul Halsey's. She remembers having heard her mother say she had an American ancestor but she did not know his name or any other details.
Although Josefina Halsey's precise date of birth is not available, she seems to be the youngest of the three and Celmira the eldest, which would show that Halsey had simultaneous relationships with Norberta González and Francisca García.
Also, if Celmira and Josefina were his daughters why did Halsey ignore them in his will, or why did he declare María Luisa, who was not the eldest, his only heir. It is possible that he gave them money or properties but there is no evidence of this.
There is always the possibility that a descendant of Celmira or Josefina could provide some proof or, in what would be a modern approach, that a descendant of María Luisa's would be willing to do a DNA test (101) and compare the result with that of the Canadian descendant, who already has it, to determine if Thomas Lloyd Halsey is their shared ancestor.
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SOURCES
• Vicente Osvaldo Cutolo, Nuevo diccionario biográfico argentino 1750-1930, Bs. As., Elche, 1968-1985
• Ernesto J. Fitte, De la revolución al reconocimiento de las Provincias Unidas, Bs. As., Emecé Editores, 1969
• Ricardo Goldaracena, El libro de los linajes: familias histo´ricas uruguayas del siglo XIX, Montevideo, Arca, 1976-2003
• Arturo Gustavo Lazcano Colodrero, Linajes de la gobernación del Tucumán, Córdoba, Biffignandi, 1936-1969
• Lucio Ricardo Pérez Calvo, Norteamericanos en la Argentina, 2a. ed., Bs. As., 2008
• Thomas Lloyd Halsey Papers, MSS 170, Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence, Rhode Island
• Charles Lyon Chandler, Dictionary of American Biography, Johnson, Allen and Dumas Malone, eds., New York, Charles Scribner's Sons
• Who Was Who In America, Historical Volume 1607-1896, Revised Edition, Chicago, Marquis Who's Who, 1967
• John E. Findling, Dictionary of American Diplomatic History, 2nd ed., Greenwood Press, 1989
• William R. Manning, ed., Diplomatic Correspondence of the US Concerning the Independence of the Latin-American Nations, New York, OUP, 1925
• Harold F. Peterson, Argentina and the United States 1810-1960, State University of New York, 1964
• Arthur Preston Whitaker, The United States and the Independence of Latin America, 1800-1830, Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins Press, 1931
• Old Providence: A Collection of Facts and Traditions Relating to Various Buildings and Sites of Historic Interest in Providence, Merchants National Bank of Providence, 1918
• Jacob Lafayette Halsey and Edmund Drake Halsey, Thomas Halsey of Hertfordshire, England, and Southampton, Long Island, 1591-1679, with his American Descendants to the Eighth and Ninth Generations, Morristown, N.J., 1895
• Samuel Currey, Arguments for the Heirs at Law in the Halsey Will Case, Providence, Knowles, Anrhony & Co., 1859
• Stephen K. Williams, Cases Argued and Decided in the Supreme Court of the United States in the December Terms, 1861-62-63-64, Book XVII, Newark, The Lawyers' Co-operative Publishing Co., 1884
• The Federal Reporter Volume 86 - Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and Circuit and District Courts of the United States, May-June 1898, St. Paul, West Publishing Co., 1898
• Geneanet - family trees by Horacio Velasco Suárez (horaciogabriel) and Roberto Pedreira (sealcari)
• Geni - family tree by Eduardo Hamilton Mones Ruiz
1. Only two of the available sources mention the other daughters: Who Was Who in America says "at least three children including Maria Louisa Andrea del Valle" and the Argentine genealogist Arturo Lazcano Colodrero mentions his daughter Celmira Sarría née Halsey when covering the Sarría surname in his work Linajes de la gobernación del Tucumán.
2. See bibliography at the end.
3. Ancestry.com 1850 United States Federal Census, Providence Ward 1, Providence, Rhode Island, roll M432_844, page 17B, image 40.
4. Either Boston or Newburyport - sources differ.
5. “A taxicab whirled him through Post Office Square with its glimpse of the river, the old Market House, and the head of the bay, and up the steep curved slope of Waterman Street to Prospect, where the vast gleaming dome and sunset-flushed Ionic columns of the Christian Science Church beckoned northward. Then eight squares past the fine old estates his childish eyes had known, and the quaint brick sidewalks so often trodden by his youthful feet. And at last the little white overtaken farmhouse on the right, on the left the classic Adam porch and stately bayed facade of the great brick house where he was born. It was twilight, and Charles Dexter Ward had come home.”
6. William R. Manning, ed., Diplomatic Correspondence of the US Concerning the Independence of the Latin-American Nations, vol. 1, p. 336, New York, OUP, 1925
7. Ancestry.com 1840 United States Federal Census, Providence Ward 1, Providence, Rhode Island, roll 505, page 374, image 756
8. Ancestry.com U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925
9. Old Providence: A Collection of Facts and Traditions Relating to Various Buildings and Sites of Historic Interest in Providence, Merchants National Bank of Providence, 1918, GoogleBooks
10. Original will, Providence City Archives
11. Her daughter Dominga Láinez Ocampo with her husband Mamerto Mones Ruiz Laprida would become godparents of Dolores del Valle Halsey (Halsey's granddaughter) and her grandson Silvio Mones Ruiz Láinez, a son of this couple, would marry María Luisa del Valle Halsey, Dolores' younger sister.
12. The Federal Reporter volume 86, May-June 1898, p. 25 (GoogleBooks)
13. Providence City Archives
14. RIHS MSS 170 Folder 2 - Typewritten copy of a letter from Edward L. Baker, US Consul in Buenos Aires, to G.W.R. Matteson, April 25th, 1890, including a report by James Pott of April 18th where he makes that comment.
15. Providence Daily Post, Monday February 5th, 1855: In this city, 2d inst., Col. Thomas Lloyd Halsey, in the 79th year of his age. The relatives and friends of the family are invited to attend his funeral on Wednesday next, at 3 o'clock P.M., from his late residence, No. 91 Prospect street.
16. Providence City Archives
17. The Federal Cases, No. 3431 [21 Law Rep. 734], Circuit Court, D. Masschusetts, 1859
18. Son of his half-sister Frances Maria.
19. RIHS MSS 170 Folder 2 - Genealogy of Family of Thomas Halsey, no author, undated.
20. The Providence Journal, December 15, 1898
21. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11561-18373-69
22. The first letters of the surname in the record are blocked by a band of paper glued to the parish book's gutter, but the 1847 copy shows it was Castro.
23. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11345-1816-97. It is one of the books burned in the 1955 church fires and although the day is not visible the month and year are. The day was supplied by a copy of the record in docket Nº8687, year 1887, estate of Raimundo del Valle, from the National Archives.
24. RIHS MSS 170 Folder 2.
25. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-DC17-ZMC
26. Censo de 1895 LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DCZ7-5X7
27. AGN Testamentaría de Raimundo Pascual del Valle, docket Nº8687 of 1887, provided by Gabriel Chirico
28. Ancestry.com, U.S. Naturalization Record Indexes, 1791-1992
29. Juan José Ruiz, Manuel Malagrida, Los orígenes de la industria del cigarrillo en la Argentina, 2012, p.27, GoogleBooks
31. Providence Preservation Society, Records of 134 Lloyd Avenue, Deed Book 428.254
32. Ancestry.com UK, Outward Passenger Lists, 1890-1960 y UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960
33. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-9734-4372-53
34. AGN Docket Nº8687 mentioned before
35. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-69ZS-PQL
36. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11561-23219-39
37. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11561-23285-55
38. RIHS MSS 170 Folder 2 - Genealogy of Family of Thomas Halsey, no author or date
39. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939D-R8RP-Y
40. From the index for the second book of death records at San Miguel Arcángel (1844-1857), page 82 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-159385-311469-20) but this book does not appear on FamilySearch.
41. AGN Docket Nº8687 mentioned before.
42. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11469-19198-49
43. Kindly provided by Eduardo Hamilton Mones Ruiz.
44. Ancestry.com 1860 US Census - Place: Providence Ward 1, Providence, Rhode Island; Roll: M653_1209; Page: 133; Image: 11; Family History Library Film: 805209
45. Genealogy of Family of Thomas Halsey, mentioned before
46. 1860 US Census, mentioned before
47. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-9718-9410-34
48. AGN Docket Nº8687 mentioned before
49. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-9718-48951-56
50. Statistical Annuary of the City of Buenos Aires, Año XVI, 1906, City Hall, Buenos Aires, Cía. Sudamericana de Billetes de Banco, 1907
51. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-195, M237, Roll 155, Line 35, List Nº 694, Ancestry.com
52. Ancestry.com Year: 1860; Census Place: Providence Ward 1, Providence, Rhode Island; Roll: M653_1209; Page: 133; Image: 11; Family History Library Film: 805209
53. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-DC17-ZMC
54. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-69ZS-PQL
55. Registro Civil de Capital Federal, acta 622, sección 1, año 1887 de los libros de defunciones
56. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DCZ7-5X7
57. AGN Testamentaría de María Luisa Halsey de del Valle, legajo Nº6359 de 1895, provided by Gabriel Chirico
58. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11566-103228-77
59. Arturo G. de Lazcano Colodrero, Linajes de la Gobernación del Tucumán, 1969, p. 403
60. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939D-R8VK-D
61. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11368-1735-31 y https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11345-31018-3
62. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11366-13954-91
63. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939D-R6FX-R
64. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11836-155397-29
65. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12417-69356-80
66. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-12146-45342-54
67. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11549-25816-93
68. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12390-129181-91 y https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12390-130114-89
69. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11629-208614-57
70. LDS https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939D-R69Z-RW
71. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12122-160626-54
72. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11563-53296-81
73. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11563-52849-6
74. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11563-52098-91
75. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12124-261929-6
76. Ricardo Scavone Yegros, Polémicas en torno al gobierno de Carlos Antonio López en la prensa de Buenos Aires 1857-1858, Editorial Tiempo de Historia, Paraguay, 2010, pág. 27
77. Wikipedia and www.abc.com; both sources mistakenly state he died in 1881 but the exact date (09 Dec 1872) appears in Case CXLVIII of the Supreme Court of Justice, Doña Petrona Diaz de Bedoya de del Campo contra el doctor don Juan E. Torrent; sobre nulidad de una venta y reivindicación, en 1898
78. AGN Docket Nº5460 year 1872
79. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11563-56199-23
80. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11366-25050-9
81. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11562-34658-88
82. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11099-143631-63
83. Jurisprudencia Civil - Fallos y Disposiciones de la Exma. Cámara de Apelaciones de la Capital, Publicados bajo la dirección de los Secretarios Dr. D. Jorge L. Dupuis y Dr. D. N. González del Solar (hijo), tomo LXIX, Causa DCCLII, pág. 252, Buenos Aires, Adolfo Grau, 1898
84. LDS film 1103950
85. Calvo mistakenly states June
86. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11562-1247-78
87. The book is not available on FamilySearch - probably missing.
88. AGN Docket Nº7115
89. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11563-56050-75
90. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11563-41683-89
91. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12056-54543-28
92. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12056-55246-30
93. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11564-11996-81
94. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-11564-14223-11
95. Jurisprudencia Civil - Fallos y Disposiciones de la Exma. Cámara de Apelaciones de la Capital, Publicados bajo la dirección del Secretario Dr. D. Félix Constanzó, tomo I, pág 119, 2a. ed., Buenos Aires, Adolfo Grau, 1888
96. His name appears in the index, vol. IX, page lxvi: Holsey, Josefina; José M. Miró, vol. I, page 119.
97. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11779-6828-32
98. Caras y Caretas, Año VII, Nº307, 20 de agosto de 1904
99. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11775-95049-51
100. LDS https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13029-112436-6 and https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13029-113736-19
101. Autosomal DNA or mtDNA